We as humans, tend to seclude ourselves from something we don’t want to be bothered with. This viewpoint can be plainly seen in New York City. The public transportation (MTA) in NYC is mostly crowded throughout the day. You will see people on the way to work, school, singers, dancers and the homeless. Then you will see the seclusion that people have from the rest of the city. Krukowski’s point about the use of earbuds is an excellent example. Even if the city is noisy, we remove ourselves intentionally from the outside world by looking at our phone screens or having earbuds on or both. In doing so we don’t even know what is going on in our surroundings. Krukowski says “But here with all these headphones, it’s like we are avoiding ear contact”. I agree with this because when I put my AirPods on, I don’t feel compelled to interact anyone or to hear all the unnecessary noise encompassing the city. I can pick out what sounds I want to hear or who I want to converse with.