Author Archives: Ibrahim Ceesay

Blog Post 8

I will be writing about the effect of spatial arrangement and disembodiment on choreography using immersive and interactive computer technologies. It is said that technology in music significantly influences the perception of sound by a dancer due to the principles of time and space in choreography. I say, spatial arrangement and disembodiment should focus on direction of the dancer, proximity, rotation and speed. Music in the contemporary has undergone massive transformation amid the introduction of three-dimensional data methodologies. When music is played, it creates various sensual and tactile experiences. Now through the development of three-dimensional technologies, this has aimed at creating sensorial, sensual, sensible, and sensitive procedures. Hence, these new technologies’ spatial arrangement and disembodiments have contributed to varied impacts on choreography.

However, there can be a case made that other aspects such as the direction of the dancer, proximity, rotation, and speed can affect the spatial arrangement and disembodiment on choreography.This includes how a dancer manipulates sound effect parameters during dancing/performance. For instance, unexpected changes in sound can contribute to movement improvisation by the dancer.Traditionally, sound/music directs and motivates the movement phrases embraced by a dancer. Through a systemic review of extant literature, research will establish how spatial arrangement and disembodiment by the new technologies influence choreography.

Blog Post #7

In the beginning of episode 5- POWER, Damon Krukowski said,”The marginal-the rejected-the repressed-is of no use at the moment”. I think what Damon Krukowski is trying to say is that compelling corporations like Apple, Spotify, Amazon Music, etc have all influence to what we listen to based off algorithms. These mainstream platforms have the influence to what’s pertinent and not pertinent based on weekly listeners on a certain type of genre or song. Damon Krukowski also asked,”But might it not be a key to alternate approaches-to art, to society-to power itself?” I believe what Krukowski means by this is that companies like Apple, Spotify, Amazon Music, etc have changed the whole entire scheme of how we choose what type of music we listen to. It’s like a powershift from back in the day in which  we the people of society chose art in the form of music in which we listen to and the producers of music catered to “Us” the consumers. Now the big corporations have power over what music genre or songs are old, not viable, and are not recommended to us which gives them control of what we listen to and closes opportunities to old or new genres of music we may have enjoyed listening.

The distinction Krukowski draws between being “surprised” by music and “discovering” music is when he mentions that today is not like back in the days when you could walk into a record store and decide on which record you would like to listen to. You would be able to communicate with others in the store and hear their advocacy on what to listen to.

In Forced Exposure Magazine, their feelings are authentic when it comes to listening to music before endorsing it to consumers. Their owners and employees also listened, and some even wrote about the songs in the inventory. While Spotify uses algorithms to suggest what type of music a person will like.

Blog Post #6

In “Living with Music” Ralph Ellison describes that music affected his living experience in his New York City apartment building by observing people who live close to him, but rather than observing his subjects, he often hears them through his walls of his apartment building. In hearing these sounds it reinforces his perception of the place and community. Ellison mentions the sounds of loud neighbors that drive him mad as he wishes for peace and quiet, he starts to hear the sounds surrounding him in a dissimilar way once he starts making his own sounds in the apartment. He hears the sounds as a depiction of his neighbor’s lives rather than assorted noise.

Ellison mentions “In those days it was either live with music or die with noise”. What Ellison means by this is that there is a dissimilarity between the two types of sounds, which are music and noise. Ellison would fight noise with noise and realized that when his neighbor finished singing, and with music in his own apartment, the chaotic sounds from without and above had sunk. This juncture is where the distinction between noise and music is clear. Ellison has the option to either hear music from his city-dwellers or be disrupted by the noises that disintegrate the silence.

In  Ways of hearing episode 2: Space, Krukowski speaks about noise and his experience growing up in New York City. Krukowski mentions the noise of the city as “less of a roar and more like being hit with a massive wave of sounds and people”. And mentions how listening to music using heads phones cancels the city noise. This point is similar to that of Ralph Ellison because yet again there is a clear distinction between two sounds which are noise and music. The city noise is that of Ellison’s apartment building noise and Ellison cancelled out the noise by playing music in his apartment while Krukowski explains how technology like headphones cancels out the loud city noise.

Blog Post #5

We as humans, tend to seclude ourselves from something we don’t want to be bothered with. This viewpoint can be plainly seen in New York City. The public transportation (MTA) in NYC is mostly crowded throughout the day. You will see people on the way to work, school, singers, dancers and the homeless. Then you will see the seclusion that people have from the rest of the city. Krukowski’s point about the use of earbuds is an excellent example. Even if the city is noisy, we remove ourselves intentionally from the outside world by looking at our phone screens or having earbuds on or both. In doing so we don’t even know what is going on in our surroundings. Krukowski says “But here with all these headphones, it’s like we are avoiding ear contact”. I agree with this because  when I put my AirPods on, I don’t feel compelled to interact anyone or to hear all the unnecessary noise encompassing the city. I can pick out what sounds I want to hear or who I want to converse with.

Blog post #4

According to Berger, the media could not assuage  the racial anxieties of whites without affecting the depiction of blacks. Although it’s fine to incorporate and show images of well established cruel fight of oppression against black Americans, but why when they’re unified, protesting against what’s wrong and to champion civil rights together, it gets brushed aside. I agree with Berger because the media shows more images of blacks as victims to rouse white people’s awareness to black civil rights. In late May of 2020 after George Floyd’s death a good number of whites took to the streets to join in protest with black Americans because they saw “Floyd the victim”. This attracted whites and encouraged them also to bolster racial reform in society.

Blog Post 3

According to Berger, publicity influences consumers “images of an alternate way of life”. These images pose to present the consumer a reward of a higher quality existence if we were to buy these items. They persuade consumers that they will become admirable, which will make them more contented. It is significant because we see these images everywhere we go, and even if we don’t recall these images, they still manage to impact our daily decisions.

Berger explains that oil paintings like publicity images both revolve around the concept that “you are what you have”. Oil paintings, however were used to enhance the self-image of its owner. Publicity images are intended to convince people to buy  belongings. These images present inaccurate assurances of greater contentment in life, from better relationships to a better home. To attain this happiness, one needs the finances to obtain it. These images are all generated to magnify the self-centered greed that is ingrained in human nature.

One of the dreams that Berger alludes to, is the skin dream. Representation in magazines, TV, and now on social media offer a dream of allure by buying their products. It manipulates consumers to be convinced that if you buy them you too will share the allure of having unblemished skin and in turn be more appealing. This fraud is given advancement by technology, far off that of the lighting and cameras of Berger’s day, and has developed to include digital tools that amplify the image to be more visually pleasing than the reality could ever be. This technology has sanctioned anyone with a computer to enjoy manipulation of images to sell us their own experiences online.

Ways of Seeing

Berger is examining how women are presented as an item and product. Berger begins with images orienting readers in a world we recognize. This is connected to episode 1 in which Berger explains how humans frame their world through what they see. There is a contrast connecting what people perceive and how they understand what they perceive.

In today’s age women do have control over their image in the media. They know how to present themselves in a way to avert the male gaze and they know what is sexual and no one is forcing anybody to portray themselves in a way they don’t want to be portrayed. And they are getting paid to portray themselves in the media that will draw the male gaze in other words they themselves are choosing that role. Berger described that sexuality plays the same role in images of women today and I say it does because in the video Berger said,”Nakedness is a celebration of active sexual love as between two people, the woman as active as the man the actions of each absorb the other”. This shows the sexuality in which is portrayed between male and female in today’s media.

Blog post 1

Writers should  use the model “entering the conversation” in their writing. This allows you to listen to what people are really saying and from there you are giving them a sense of what you think in response to what they’re saying. You have to hold out against giving your own point of view until you have constructed what type of discussion is going on.

I disagree that looking at artwork can help you analyze other situations because art is in the eye of the beholder. Everyone will have their own interpretation which may lead to conflict. Some could view an art piece as superior, ethical, moral or beautiful and some may look at that same art piece and be in disgust, anger or dismay. That conflict can be destructive and cause poor attitudes towards people who disagree with each other’s interpretations of that very same art piece.


Hi everyone,

My name is Ibrahim and I’m majoring in biology. After I get my bachelor’s degree in biology I plan on joining a physician assistant program. I like watching sports such as futbol and the NFL. My favorite school subject is science. I also like listening to music, reading and working out.