1. As I see it, the difference between hearing and listening is that hearing is the sounds we come across in our surroundings, this could be people talking from a distance, or the music we overhear from a car as the driver drives away. Listening, on the other hand, is what we want to hear, it could be music or the sounds of nature. We can make choices about what we listen to nowadays through technology like our mobile devices. In Damon Krukowski’s second episode of “Ways of Hearing”, he said we can control what we listen to in our environment anytime. There are structural elements that can affect our ways of listening, such as the way we grew up and the type of friends we have.
2. In the passage, “The Soundscape”, Schafer talks about sound and how it affects the space surrounding it. He discussed that keynote, when given a place, influences the personality of people living there and thus gives that place meaning to them. It possesses such great significance, that without it, it loses value to the people that once admired the place. The second episode of “Ways of Hearing”, portrays a good example of this. In that episode, Damon Krukowski and Jeremiah Moss went into a boutique, which used to be a rock club that they used to hang out. Krukowski remembered how the place was and asserted that the music playing in the boutique felt nothing with what the room represented. So one can see that Krukowski’s keynote was the rock club which brought meaning to him and his band. Now that it turned into a boutique, that place Krukowski loved has lost its meaning. This shows the relationship between sound and space made by Schafer and Krukowski.
I agree with Martin Berger’s claim on how the media uses photographs to make black people victims of whites, as that has been used throughout history. This can be found throughout the introduction section, where Berger references photographs from different historic points. Examples of photographs include the integration of Little Rock Central High School in 1957, sit-ins performed at segregated lunchrooms in the early ‘60s, and a photograph showing the Freedom Riders with their bus wrecked in 1961. I can see why the press would do this, probably because to make white people that are sympathetic and viewers of the media could see this and learn to be equal to blacks and treat them fairly.
1. According to Berger, publicity/advertising influences consumers by having them think that their lives would change for the better as shown in the publicity image. And therefore, motivating people to do anything to achieve satisfaction. This is significant because according to Berger, the number of new possessions one has could change relationships and become recognizable to many. However, those with insufficient money (glamour), would become outcasts and left out of the public image.
2. The differences between oil painting and publicity are important because the oil painting is used for the purpose of art, while publicity is used for the purpose of advertisement. In addition, oil painting shows what the creator owns, whereas publicity shows what the viewer wishes to own. The images used for publicity reveal that those who accept the offer will be like the ones shown in the publicity image. According to Berger, it also reveals the creator’s behind-the-scenes from both the oil painting and the public image. While the oil painting shows what the owner has, it was never addressed as to how he got it. A perfume, for example, is publicity shown to consumers so that they can buy it. But what’s not known are the people who manufactured that perfume in a factory.
3. The “dream of a faraway place” is offered by advertising to manipulate consumers by having them think with the product the advertisement is offering, the consumers would feel relaxed and stress-free from reality. One real-life example could be a resort, where people go on vacation and relax.
In the video, “Ways of Seeing, Episode 2”, John Berger argues about how women were portrayed in the Renaissance arts, which are often depicted as nudity. However, in modern-day art, women are not seen naked, but with different elements and styles of art surrounding her and the painting. The way I see it, some women could have control over their images, while others aren’t. This can be seen near the end of the video, where a group of women along with John Berger were discussing the old European art, and one of the ladies sees the paintings as unrealistic because she finds it to be exaggerating. Later in the discussion, however, another lady points out that women believe they are set with the expectation to look beautiful just by looking at the paintings. Compared to what Berger describes women in old art, a woman in art nowadays doesn’t seem to focus much on her and her body but focuses more on the style and meaning of the art itself.
According to Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein, writers are encouraged to use the “entering the conversation” model. This model is beneficial because it adds context and thus gives the reader an idea as to what the writer will be talking about. In addition, it helps the writer observe each side of the argument in what the two groups believe in so that the writer can write about it in order to express his/her belief.
The use of artwork does indeed help people analyze other situations because each person has a different perspective which can be useful. As shown in the “How Art Can Help You Analyze” video, people with different positions tend to look at an artwork differently because they can see details that not others may not.
Hello, my name is Brandon Carchi, I graduated from Queens Technical High School and I’m a college freshman majoring in Computer Science. One of my interests, career-wise, is becoming a developer and being able to code. Since I’m not into literature that much, there aren’t any specific things I’d like to read and write about, other than reading a story that sparks my interest.