I feel that “hearing” and “listening” are two different things. You can hear many things without paying attention. When you are listening you are focusing and thinking about the topic. We do make choices about what we listen to. When we listen to things we are choosing to listen to it. We make these choices by considering what is important to listen to and what is not. The criteria we use is how helpful the information that we listen to would be. Structural features could also play part in how we listen to things. We might want to listen to specific things that we feel matter more.
Schafer and Krukowski discuss the relationship between sound and space in many ways. They explain we use our hearing to locate sounds around us. They also talk about how New York has been getting gentrified. Many people contributed to the space taken in New York from gentrification. They talk about how inside and outdoors sounds are different. Ear buds also amplify sounds for us. They say ear buds are like a dream of the sounds we hear.