I think the differences between “hearing” and “listening” are that we basically hear everything that we hear everyday, but listening is really taking in that information that we’ve heard, sort of what our brain analyzes when we listen to that sound. Like you probably wouldn’t pay all that attention to cars honking when you’re on you’re daily stroll, but if you were in class you would most likely start listening to take in all that important information. I think we have a choice to what we listen to, like you choose to listen to your friend talking to you, but you can probably tune all sounds out if your parent starts lecturing you.
Schafer and Krukowski discuss the relationship between sound and space by talking about the city. All the people we see on the streets are using noise cancelling headphones or using their phone to avoid any kind of human interaction. They say you can create your own personal bubble or space.